What You Need To Learn About Environmental Sanitation

Environmental-Sanitation

Have you often heard about environmental sanitation? This is usually about the cleanliness of the environment and by doing so it will lessen the amount of diseases spreading. By doing this, living conditions will be better for humans and health problems will also lessen, too. It is not only the household owners are going to do daily sanitation in their own house and their backyard. Management of solid waste, industrial waste and water should be done on a daily basis, too. Noise control and pollution is also included in environmental sanitation, too.

 

How is water managed so that it is healthy for people to consume and keep the diseases from spreading? Throughout history, there are particular times that the population was affected due to waterborne disease. In order to address such problems, scientists have come up with a way to allow water to be safely consumed by people. Ever since then, safe water to drink has become accessible. monthly-environmental-sanitation-exercise-on-saturday-july-30-2011-640x480Consumable water is sourced from a water supply coming from either the surface or underground. The latter source usually came from springs and wells while the former comes from fresh sources such as rivers and lakes. Even if they are considered fresh, both sources need to be treated before they are consumed by people. This is due to the particles, chemicals, bacteria and many other biological contaminants enter the water. A lot of developed countries have developed water treatment systems, in the form of plants in which it manages to purify water to a state that it can be consumed safely. Some houses even take the extra mile by installing their own water purifier. This is to make sure that the water coming from the pipes are not contaminated, even if it has undergone treatment.

 

Waste management should be done properly, too. The environmental conditions of a particular place may be affected depending on how the household or community has managed the waste. This is why developed countries have implemented and effective garbage disposal system. This system encourages segregating trash according to category and then they will to be collected by trash collectors. Certain countries have complicated yet effective trash collecting and waste management systems. This is to implement order and that it will not affect the entire community. You can also find some places that do not have proper waste management. The result is poor environmental condition, not to mention the children are getting sick easily. This is why local communities are encouraged to follow the rules implemented on waste management so that proper disposal and its treatment will be effective. This will also help reduce pollution and diseases.

 

Solid waste should not be ignored, either. Oftentimes people tend to rely too much on paid workers whose job is to clean up after people’s trash. They have no idea that they are contributing to pollution in nature, especially water. Just like mentioned with general waste management, you should be responsible with your own waste. This is especially true with the waste you have created in your own house.

 

Major Environmental Problems Occurring Today

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In order for people to survive, they have to utilize the sources made available to them. And the sources are easily accessible – nature. Over the years, the demand for man to survive and make their lives more convenient, it has made an impact on the environment. People should be aware of them because the environment has its way of balancing itself. If there is too much human activity, nature itself will find a way to balance itself. This is through the influx of warming, natural disasters, different weather patterns and much more. One of the undisputed fact that the planet is facing today is global warming. This is fact that everyone knows about, except only a few are trying to do something about it.

 

  • Environmental-IssuesPollution – The pollution affecting the soil, water and air will take hundreds of centuries to recoup. Motor and industry vehicle’s output is its major pollutants. Plastic, nitrates and heavy metals are considered toxins to nature, thus creating more pollution. Oil spills are one of the causes of water pollution, but there are others that not everyone are fully aware of. These are urban runoff and acid rain. Air pollution is obviously caused by the fossil fuels’ combustion. Toxins and various gases also contribute to its pollution, too. And of course, pollution to the soil is caused by waste from the industry that deny the soil with its essential nutrients.
  • Overpopulation – while the map may show you that the entire world is not occupied by humans, places that are concentrated with them has become overpopulated. This has made an impact to the planet that has also affected the population such as shortages on food, fuel and water. The explosion on population in less developed nations are making their resources go to unimaginably low levels. Agriculture that uses intensive practices in order to produce food has also made a blow to the environment. These are the uses of insecticides, pesticides and many other chemical fertilizers. Most developing countries’ and underdeveloped countries are facing overpopulation problems.
  • Global warming – Everybody knows the planet is currently facing global warming. This resulted to climate change, coming from human activities such as the greenhouse gases’ emissions. This situation has led to the rise of temperatures of the surface and oceans. It has led to the melting of the polar ice caps, rising of the water levels and many other patterns of nature that humans deemed unnatural. Other results caused by global warming include desertification, excessive snow, and flash floods.

 

This has brought concerns over the past few decades, but several nations have taken up the initiative of trying alternative ways. Various organizations and institutions have been created to educate people on how people can lessen their impact on the environment, such as embracing green living. But not all people are comfortable with living such a lifestyle. Instead, nations have developed techniques that reduces the impact on environment, such as turning to solar, wind and hydrothermal energy as the source of electricity.

How You Can Lessen Your Impact On The Environment

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Earthquakes. Cyclones. Typhoons. Hurricanes. These four things are just few of the deadly things nature can do to wipe out thousands of humans in just a single day. Many experts believe that humans contribute to the impact of the earth’s natural disasters. It is one of nature’s ways to keep everything in balance. But the impact of humans can be lessened if they try to care for it. This is by doing things that will contribute to the creation of natural disasters. This can be done at home, at school, at work or when you just simply stroll through the park.

 

At Home

  • When shopping for light bulbs and appliances, choose those that are energy efficient.
  • Turn off all electronic equipment if you are not using it. If possible, use them as minimally as possible.
  • It is also efficient to save water. If you are shaving off hair or brushing your teeth, turn off the water. You should also keep a stock of water when you clean vegetables and fruits. When watering plants, do the same thing as well.
  • Instead of using a machine dryer to dry your clothes, utilize the heat of the day to dry them all.
  • Use batteries that are rechargeable.
  • Keep the lids on the pans when you cook to make cooking more efficient and save energy.
  • Eyeletted 2 closed LHot days can encourage the use air conditioners. To save energy, close the curtains or lower the shades of your house in order to keep the interior cool.
  • Avoid using disposable products that are used for eating such as napkins, plastic cups, forks, knives and paper plates. Try to use an alternative that will not make you ‘dispose’ of things.
  • There are certain items in your trash that need to be segregated since they can be dangerous and have a huge impact in the environment. Call the local government and ask them if they have a designated location for disposing used glass, paper, plastics, batteries and other types of waste.
  • Send greetings through emails, instead of using actual paper cards.

 

In the Garden

  • Water your garden either at night or in the morning right before the sun starts to rise. This will reduce evaporation of the water. Try to lessen watering your plants in the garden. It will only make the soil moist.
  • Implement a system in your house that will collect rainwater. Use this when you water your garden.
  • Try to find irrigation systems that are water efficient. Drip irrigation and sprinkler irrigation can be used to adapt such situations in the garden.
  • Look for ways to make your garden more lively and natural-like. Plant shrubs and trees that will attract a lot of birds. You should also try putting up bird boxes and put bird food in them.

 

These are not the only things that will help the environment safe and more efficient to live for humans. Try to find groups that deals with eco-friendly systems and implement them, as they have other programs and systems that may help you become a better environmentalist.

Environmental Issues Concerning Construction

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The heightened awareness of green living has amassed people that will do the same. While more than half of the population are still trying to embrace the new lifestyle, the fact that many people are aware of the impact they have on the environment is already a positive change. One of the many alternatives and methods employed by the world today is green construction. This is also another term for sustainable construction, in which it uses the resources in a more efficient manner. At the same time it also creates more energy efficient and healthier homes. There is no magic to this kind of concept. Success through this method is done in such ways that will leave a lighter footprint into the environment. This is done through the resources’ conservation. This is balanced with low-maintenance, cost-effective and energy efficient products for the needs of construction. Rephrasing this means that green construction is all about finding the right balance between a sustainable environment and homebuilding.

 

ikodomiaBut this involves green design and green design is not only focused on the utilization of the energy-efficient materials. It also involves the making of systems and products that should leave lighter footprints to the environment in its full life cycle. This starts with production extends all the way to transportation and installation of these materials. It should be renewable, too. In a sense, green design is not only a goal but thought of as a process. This will allow a wider evaluation of the impact of the products in aterms of economical, environmental and the societal in single units and also part of their own environment.

 

When concerned about the issues revolving around the life cycle of construction, some of its parts are focused on the evaluation of products manufactured by man in waste disposal. Instead of looking at it that way, the influences and factors of the impact of the product on society should be contrasted and evaluated to the performance of the product. The system’s approach will allow the determination of impact in the environment with the product in terms with energy consumption. This is done through seeing each sate of the life cycle of the product. This is seen through the start of the extracting of raw materials coming from the planet and then proceed to processing, fabrication, manufacturing, end-use and then its disposal. The products and materials’ transportation to each of these processes should also be accounted for.

 

Various construction systems have employed the use of green design. And in support of this approach, various groups have given a general draft on the guidelines regarding such matters. First, each green construction system should include energy efficiency and environmental considerations as part of the purchasing and building design criteria. Both should be balanced well with the other major criteria, which includes performance, availability, price and product safety. Both of the major criteria should be evaluated through the use of system approach, mainly focusing on how each of the components interact with the identifying options and building system. Any of the process in establishing sustainable product or building criteria should based on science, transparent and be open to every stakeholders.